The Florida Scrub Jay is the only bird found exclusively in Florida.
This friendly and curious bird has been in serious decline in recent years due to development which has encroached on its natural nesting areas. The Florida Scrub Jay is now found mainly in central and south Florida with occasional sightings in the panhandle. It is estimated that fewer than 4,000 pairs currently exist and the population has dropped over 25% since the mid 1990s. The bird is listed as “Threatened” under the Endangered Species Act.
The “Threatened” classification has complicated development and building plans for many in the counties where the bird is found. Until recently, acquiring a building permit in a Scrub Jay nesting area was quite difficult and expensive. In Charlotte County however, in a test plan approved by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service, now streamlines the permitting process with a simple application and modest mitigation fee. The fees paid will be used to create a Reserve of approximately 4,500 acres in the county. http://charlottecountyfl.com/communityservices/naturalresources/scrubjays/
The name of the bird, Florida Scrub Jay, is descriptive of the habitat needed for the bird to survive. It will live in areas that are primarily types of low growing oaks. The height is important as the birds nest close to the ground, 3 – 10 feet. These trees are found in areas of bare sand with palmettos and other low growing vegetation. Before development, wild fires were a natural occurrence in Florida, creating open areas and keeping vegetation low. With development, fires were quashed and oaks and pines were able to grow tall, creating areas unsuitable for the Florida Scrub Jay.
The Florida Scrub Jay generally lives in a family group of a mating pair and helpers, usually older offspring who remain to assist the care and feeding of siblings. If an area of scrub opens up, helpers may leave to find a mate.
The Florida Scrub Jay will often fly close to humans and has been known to take a peanut from a persons hand. In Charlotte County, the birds are so used to humans they will often fly right up to a person out for a walk and even land on their head. To someone unfamiliar with the Florida Scrub Jay, this friendliness can be disconcerting. Anyone who had been strafed by a Blue Jay will be frightened. However the Florida Scrub Jay just wants to get to know you.
When you see a Florida Scrub Jay, stand back and enjoy the beautiful bird but don’t encourage it to come near you. Also, you should be aware that pet cats are a major threat to birds of all kinds. Spaying and neutering pet cats and keeping them indoors will help protect the Florida Scrub Jay as well as other species of birds.
- Florida Master Naturalist Program – University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service http://www.masternaturalist.ifas.ufl.edu/
- Florida Scrub-Jay (Aphelocoma coerulescens) – Cornell Lab of Ornithology “All About Birds” Online at: http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Florida_Scrub-Jay/id
- Florida Scrub-Jay (Aphelocoma coerulescens) – excerpted from the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service Multi-species Recovery Plan for South Florida http://www.fws.gov/southeast/vbpdfs/species/birds/fsja.pdf
- Florida Scrub-Jay (Aphelocoma coerulescens) –U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service species report Online at: http://www.fws.gov/northflorida/Species-Accounts/Fla-Scrub-Jay-2005.htm
- FWCC Land Cover/Habitat Classifications – Florida Department of Environmental Protection Online at: http://www.dep.state.fl.us/water/wetlands/feri/fwcchabitats.htm
- Audubon of Florida– http://fl.audubon.org/
- The Nature Conservancy – Protecting Nature, Preserving Life– http://www.nature.org/wherewework/northamerica/states/florida/
- 1000 Friends of Florida – Saving Special Places, Fighting Urban Sprawl, and Building Better Communities– http://www.1000friendsofflorida.org/
- Florida Wildlife Federation – “Protecting Florida’s Natural Resources for 70 Years!”– http://fwfonli4.w20.wh-2.com/site